Since 2008 nursing homes may receive resources for assistance in addi-tional low threshold psychosocial care for residents with dementia. By now, most institutions make use of this. However, the effects of this additional psychosocial care on the emotional and cognitive state of mind of patients with dementia have not yet been investigated systematically. Using a longitudinal control group design the effects of additional low threshold psychosocial assistance were recorded and analysed for ten months. There appears to be a positive relation between the work of the psychoso-cial care assistants and the emotional state of mind (Geriatric Depression Scale) and the cognitive performance (Mini-Mental State Test) of residents with dementia. In addition, other employees of the facilities appraised the additional psychosocial care and experienced some relief of strain. More investigation needed, but it seems worthwhile to intensify low threshold psychosocial care.