This dissertation examines Friedrich Nietzsche´s philosophy of language in his early writings (1868 - 1874) and his answer to the question of the origin of language. To perform this investigation, the historical and philosophical sources of Friedrich Nietzsche´s philosophy of language are carefully analysed and critically reviewed. The present dissertation argues that Friedrich Albert Lange´s History of Materialism and Critique of its Present Importance and Eduard von Hartmann´s Philosophy of the Unconscious must be regarded as the historical-philosophical main sources of Friedrich Nietzsche´s early language thinking. This is especially true for his answer to the question of the origin of language. Friedrich Albert Lange´s concept of organization and Eduard von Hartmann´s concept of instinct are fundamental and essential for Friedrich Nietzsche´s systematic and philosophical theory of language. This theory has two central elements. On the one hand, according to young Nietzsche, the language is only an instrument of the human being to fulfill a primary and basic function: the preservation of human and social life. On the other hand, Friedrich Nietzsche understands the language as an artistic, fictional, interpretative and metaphorical product. For Friedrich Nietzsche, the human life, the self-preservation and the notion of interpretation are understood as the most important aspects of his philosophy of language. In conclusion, the language is an artistic work and a fundamental element of the man´s instinct of self-preservation.