Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine (KRU), collectively also referred to as the Black Sea region, have emerged as wheat exporters since the mid-1990s and have made contributions to world food security and the global agricultural trade. In particular, over the 2000-2010 period, the Black Sea region’s share in the South Caucasus and Central Asia (SCCA) region’s total imports was more than fifty percent. However, changes in input and wheat prices and several policy interventions have affected the competitiveness of KRU’s wheat exports. Moreover, due to an increase in the Black Sea region’s export shares, competition in the global wheat market has become more intense during the past decade. Therefore, the goals of this dissertation are to analyze KRU’s competitiveness and market structure in the world wheat market and to identify its role in the SCCA region.