The concept of Interpersonal Complementarity posits that one person’s interpersonal behavior tends to evoke reactions from other persons that are similar with regard to affiliation, but dissimilar with regard to status. Empirical support for these assumptions has been mixed, in particular regarding the status dimension. Not finding support for complementarity in some studies might be due to missing the appropriate level of observation, or to not taking into account personality and situational influences on the emergence of complementarity. In the present study, 182 participants were randomly assigned to 91 dyads and jointly engaged in a discussion task. Their interactions were videotaped and participants’ behavior rated every 10 seconds with regard to affiliation and status. Using multilevel modeling, complementarity was found on both interpersonal dimensions (Level 1). Complementarity thus not only was affected by personality, but in turn affected several interaction outcomes. I discuss practical and theoretical implications of these findings.