Kazakhstan's agriculture aims to achieve sustainable development and agricultural production growth, increased production of export and competitive products, and ensure national food security. To implement these tasks, the State Program for Agricultural Development for 2017-2021 has been adopted, and new laws "On agricultural cooperatives", "On pastures", etc. are being introduced. Particular attention is paid to the creation of large farms based on cooperation. The analysis of the current state of agricultural development showed that small peasant farms, consisting of one family or a group of people, poorly equipped with inputs and technical means, cannot expand production and establish inter-industrial links in production and processing. These farms lack capacity to independently address the issues of increasing competitiveness of their products, introduce innovations, supply healthy food, and access high quality services. The main constraining factors in the development of cooperatives in Kazakhstan are insufficient measures of state support of agriculture, personnel provision, imperfect legislation and taxation, and the absence of organizational mechanisms of intra-cooperative linkages. In order to fulfill these tasks, it is necessary to unite small peasant farms to form large agricultural cooperatives in production, processing, storage, transportation and marketing of agricultural products.