What drives the commodity-sovereign-risk-dependence in emerging market economies? / Hannes Böhm, Stefan Eichler, Stefan Gießler
VerfasserBöhm, Hannes ; Eichler, Stefan ; Gießler, Stefan
ErschienenHalle (Saale), Germany : Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH) - Member of the Leibniz Association, 05. Dezember 2019
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (III, 53 Seiten, 2,19 MB) : Diagramme
SerieIWH-Diskussionspapiere ; 2019, no. 23 (December 2019)
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What drives the commodity-sovereign-risk-dependence in emerging market economies? [2.19 mb]
Using daily data for 34 emerging markets in the period 1994-2016 we find robust evidence that higher export commodity prices are associated with higher sovereign bond returns (indicating lower sovereign risk). The economic effect is especially pronounced for heavy commodity exporters. Examining the drivers we find first that commodity-dependence is higher for countries that export large volumes of volatile commodities and that the effect increases in times of recessions high inflation and expansionary U.S. monetary policy. Second the importance of raw material prices for sovereign financing can likely be mitigated if a country improves institutions and tax systems attracts FDI inflows invests in manufacturing machinery and infrastructure builds up reserve assets and opens capital and trade accounts. Third the concentration of commodities within a country's portfolio its government indebtedness or amount of received development assistance appear to be only of secondary importance for commodity-dependence.