The EU-Georgia trade agreement : the impact on agricultural trade and welfare / Ulrich Koester
VerfasserKoester, Ulrich
ErschienenHalle (Saale) : Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), August 2017
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (4 Seiten = 0,77 MB)
SerieIAMO policy briefs ; issue no. 32
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The EU-Georgia trade agreement [0.77 mb]
The EU has signed new agreements with Ukraine Moldavia and Ukraine the so-called Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA). This policy brief only focuses on Georgia to exemplify the mythology and some important specifics of the participating countries that differ somewhat but are important for assessing the impact. The agreement with Georgia became effective in September 2016; therefore accurate estimation of the quantified effects was delayed for some time. This policy brief focusses on the free trade agreement on agricultural products. Georgia benefits from trade preferences for import to the EU and the EU likewise from exports to Georgia. It is foreseen that tariffs will be abolished completely in the future but at present it is only Georgia which has abolished tariffs for imports from the EU. The EU has only reduced the World Trade Organization (WTO) bounded rates and in addition it still applies the socalled entry price system and even quotas for imports of garlic. Effects on trade might be important because the EU still highly protects agricultural imports and thus the standard of living for the 50 percent of Georgians living mainly from farming may improve. The findings are that Georgia may gain in total if traders live in Georgia. The gain results from both redirection of Georgian exports from other destinations and additional exports of Georgian products. These additional exports to the EU may be replaced by additional imports from low price suppliers on the world market.