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Titel
Zebrafish locomotor activity as a sensitive effect-based tool for the assessment of environmental chemicals and mixtures / vorgelegt von David Leuthold, M. Sc. Angewandte Naturwissenschaft ; Berichter: Prof. Dr. Henner Hollert, Prof. Dr. Rolf Altenburger, Prof. Dr. Andreas Schäffer
VerfasserLeuthold, David
Akademischer Betreuer/InHollert, Henner ; Altenburger, Rolf ; Schäffer, Andreas
KörperschaftRWTH Aachen ; UFZ-Umweltforschungszentrum Leipzig-Halle
ErschienenLeipzig : Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, 2020
Umfang1 Online Ressource (xxiv, 156 Seiten, 11,23 MB) : Illustrationen, Diagramme
HochschulschriftRWTH Aachen, Dissertation, 2020
Anmerkung
Zusammenfassung auf deutsch und englisch
SpracheEnglisch
SerieUFZ-Dissertation ; 2020, 4
SchlagwörterAachen
URNurn:nbn:de:gbv:3:2-131689 
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Zebrafish locomotor activity as a sensitive effect-based tool for the assessment of environmental chemicals and mixtures [11.23 mb]
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Zusammenfassung

Chemical contamination poses a risk to the aquatic environment. Chemicals can affect the biological quality of surface waters, i.e. the composition of aquatic communities. The preservation or restoration of a good ecological status of surface water bodies requires the determination of the chemical status and the assessment of its effects on biological quality. Current regulatory assessments are restricted to single priority chemicals. This approach does not account for the entirety of ecologically relevant chemicals, transformation products, or the joint effects of chemical mixtures that are ubiquitously present in water bodies. Various toxicity tests are used to assess biological effects of environmental chemicals onaquatic organisms. However, acute toxicity tests, such as the fish embryo acute toxicity test (OECD test no. 236), lack sensitivity to detect sub-lethal chemical toxicity, particularly in the realm of chemicals that target the developing nervous system. Therefore, new approaches are required to quantify the effects of chemicals and mixtures on neurotransmission and neurodevelopment. Embryo-larval stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio) represent an excellent model system for the detection of chemical neurotoxicity, particularly during early development which represents one of the most vulnerable life stages to chemical exposure. The functionality of the zebrafish nervous system can be determined using automated behavior assays. However, key variables that influence chemical-dependent behavioral effects are not well characterized. Therefore, this thesis seeks to refine the execution, computational analyses, and applicability domain of an automated light-dark transition zebrafish behavior assay to ultimately delineate distinct behavioral responses following exposure to environmental chemicals and mixtures.

Keywords
Chemical contamination poses a risk to the aquatic environment. Chemicals can affect the biological quality of surface waters i.e. the composition of aquatic communities. The preservation or restoration of a good ecological status of surface water bodies requires the determination of the chemical status and the assessment of its effects on biological quality. Current regulatory assessments are restricted to single priority chemicals. This approach does not account for the entirety of ecologically relevant chemicals transformation products or the joint effects of chemical mixtures that are ubiquitously present in water bodies. Various toxicity tests are used to assess biological effects of environmental chemicals onaquatic organisms. However acute toxicity tests such as the fish embryo acute toxicity test (OECD test no. 236) lack sensitivity to detect sub-lethal chemical toxicity particularly in the realm of chemicals that target the developing nervous system. Therefore new approaches are required to quantify the effects of chemicals and mixtures on neurotransmission and neurodevelopment. Embryo-larval stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio) represent an excellent model system for the detection of chemical neurotoxicity particularly during early development which represents one of the most vulnerable life stages to chemical exposure. The functionality of the zebrafish nervous system can be determined using automated behavior assays. However key variables that influence chemical-dependent behavioral effects are not well characterized. Therefore this thesis seeks to refine the execution computational analyses and applicability domain of an automated light-dark transition zebrafish behavior assay to ultimately delineate distinct behavioral responses following exposure to environmental chemicals and mixtures.