Robotized sorting systems : large-scale scheduling under real-time conditions with limited lookahead / Nils Boysen, Stefan Schwerdfeger (Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Lehrstuhl für Operations Management); Marlin Ulmer (Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg, Management Science, Faculty of Economics and Management)
VerfasserBoysen, Nils ; Schwerdfeger, Stefan ; Ulmer, Marlin Wolf
ErschienenMagdeburg : Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaft, June 2, 2022
Umfang1 Online-Ressource (32, ec6 Seiten, 3,05 MB) : Illustrationen, Diagramme
SerieWorking paper series ; 2022, no. 5
Schlagwörterarehousing / Robotized sorting systems / Dynamic scheduling / Multiple-scenario approach
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Robotized sorting systems [3.05 mb]
A major drawback of most automated warehousing solutions is that fixedly installed hardware makes them inflexible and hardly scalable. In the recent years numerous robotized warehousing solutions have been innovated which are more adaptable to varying capacity situations. In this paper we consider robotized sorting systems where autonomous mobile robots load individual pieces of stock keeping units (SKUs) at a loading station drive to the collection points temporarily associated with the orders demanding the pieces and autonomously release them e.g. by tilting a tray mounted on top of each robot. In these systems a huge number of products approach the loading station with an interarrival time of very few seconds so that we face a very challenging scheduling environment in which the following operational decisions must be taken in real time: First since pieces of the same SKU are interchangeable among orders with a demand for this specific SKU we have to assign pieces to suitable orders. Furthermore each order has to be temporarily assigned to a collection point. Finally we have to match robots and transport jobs where pieces have to be delivered between loading station and selected collection points. These interdependent decisions become even more involved since we (typically) do not posses complete knowledge on the arrival sequence but have merely a restricted lookahead of the next approaching products. In this paper we show that even in such a fierce environment sophisticated optimization based on a novel two-step multiple-scenario approach applied under real-time conditions can be a serviceable tool to significantly improve the sortation throughput.